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Sir Charles Spencer "Charlie" Chaplin, KBE (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor and film
director of the silent film era who became one of the best-known film stars in the world before the end of the First World War. Chaplin
used mime, slapstick and other visual comedy routines, and continued well into the era of the talkies, though his films decreased in
frequency from the end of the 1920s. His most famous role was that of The Tramp, which he first played in the Keystone comedy Kid
Auto Races at Venice in 1914.[2] From the April 1914 one-reeler Twenty Minutes of Love onwards he was writing and directing most of
his films, by 1916 he was also producing, and from 1918 composing the music. With Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and D. W.
Griffith, he co-founded United Artists in 1919.[3]

Chaplin was one of the most creative and influential personalities of the silent-film era. He was influenced by his predecessor, the
French silent movie comedian Max Linder, to whom he dedicated one of his films.[4] His working life in entertainment spanned over 75
years, from the Victorian stage and the Music Hall in the United Kingdom as a child performer, until close to his death at the age of 88.
His high-profile public and private life encompassed both adulation and controversy. Chaplin's identification with the left ultimately
forced him to resettle in Europe during the McCarthy era in the early 1950s.
Chaplin